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Men: strong reactions to pregnancy
Pregnancy can be a time of stress, worry, pressure, frustration and confusion for some men. You could be juggling preparations for baby's arrival, money and work demands - and more.
You might feel unprepared for caring for a newborn, and worry about 'losing' time for yourself and your partner. There's also the prospect of sharing your partner's attention and affection with a baby.
Pregnancy can also trigger stronger reactions for some men. These might include anger, fear, anxiety and depression.
You could be experiencing strong emotions like this for the first time. Or things that normally don't upset you now do - for example, pressure at work.
Feelings like frustration and anger are common. What matters is how you handle them.
When anger in pregnancy becomes violence
For some men, strong reactions to pregnancy, like anger, can lead to violence.
Pregnancy can be a time when some men use violence for the first time in their relationship. Or if they've used violence before, they might continue this behaviour into the pregnancy.
Women in relationships where there's violence might feel that they're 'walking on eggshells' because they're afraid of triggering violent behaviour.
Violence happens when people use their power to hurt, control or bully someone else. There are many types of violence. For example, violence can be verbal, emotional or physical.
Ways to manage anger as a man
Everybody feels angry sometimes. But part of being a great dad involves learning to manage your anger in a way that doesn't hurt your family.
You can express anger in healthy ways, like going for a run or hitting a punching bag. Thinking and talking about what triggers your anger in calmer moments is also a good step towards managing it.
But if you've been having trouble managing anger, or your anger is leading to violence, there's no shame in getting help.
If you get help, you might find good things coming back into your life. For example, being able to speak and express yourself without anger might help rebuild trust in your relationships with your family and other important people in your life.
Effects of violence in pregnancy
Like physical injury or trauma, violence can cause stress hormones to rise in people exposed to the violence.
If violence happens to a woman during pregnancy, these stress hormones go through the placenta to the growing baby. They can hurt the baby's development. Violence during pregnancy can also cause miscarriage, a higher chance of premature birth and newborn death.
These issues are so important that many Australian states have changed their laws so that unborn babies are protected by state child protection departments. This means an intervention order can be taken out against men who are violent, preventing them from having contact with their pregnant partners.
These men can't go to the births of their children and will have limited and supervised contact with their child because of their violence.
Violence after baby is born
Being a dad isn't always easy. You have to learn how to care for your baby and respond to baby's needs. But you might feel frustrated or lose confidence if you don't know what to do. You might also have work pressure, relationship tension or lack of sleep. These stresses can lead to anger, and anger can lead to violence.
If this happens, you could be at risk of losing control and hurting your partner or your baby.
Violence is not OK.
Newborns and babies have weak neck muscles and large, heavy heads. Violently shaking a baby, or hitting, kicking or throwing, can lead to death, disability or serious injury.
Things you can do
If you feel like you're not coping, or you're getting frustrated, upset or angry with your partner or other people, take these steps:
- Leave the situation so that you can keep yourself and everyone else safe. This isn't running away - it's taking responsibility. You could say, 'I'm overwhelmed and I need to go out for a moment to settle down'.
- Before you go back, do your best to calm down. Take deep breaths or go for a walk. Tell yourself, 'Getting angry isn't going to solve this problem' or 'I can work this out' - anything that will help you calm down.
- Before you go back, feel calm in your body. Signs you're calming down include your heart rate slowing down (from beating fast) and your muscles and jaw relaxing (from feeling tense or clenched).
- When you're calm, it might help to think about what set you off and how you could handle things differently next time.
- Call 1800RESPECT (1800 737 732) or go to 1800RESPECT for free, real-time counselling 24 hours, 7 days a week.