Acetone. Children's diseases

Acetone. Children's diseases

The acetone it is not a disease, but a type of natural defense response. It is a substance that is produced in the body when glucose is low and fats are not burned as they should. Acetone is a volatile element that, in contact with air, gives off an unmistakable aroma, like that of a rotten apple.

Children with accumulation of acetone in the blood often have a bad smell from their breath and urine, as well as fever and vomiting. Acetone is the symptom of an eating disorder that can accompany some illnesses.

The breath of a child having acetone is very particular since it gives the impression of smelling sour apples, of the pippin type, from the moment you wake up in the morning. Other signs can be: drowsiness, irritability and loss of appetite. In addition, vomiting, tummy ache, general malaise, dark circles, headache, dry tongue covered with a patina, as well as fever in the child may appear.

In children, reserves of complex sugars, those that provide long-lasting energy, are depleted more quickly than in adults. As an alternative source of energy, the body turns to fat. When burned, fats produce three substances: acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetone.

Acetone is due to fasting or an acceleration of metabolism when the child has a fever. A child needs up to four times more glucose than an adult and, unlike an adult, glucose stores are much more limited.

Hence, after a prolonged feverish state or a fast caused by an illness, the child's body burns sugars much faster in order to get energy.

The wear and tear of these sugar stores causes the child's body to start to use fat as a supplementary energy source, in this way it can cope with a possible hypoglycemic crisis or a drop in blood sugar.

There are some situations that favor the appearance of acetone in the child:

- The child has been fasting for many hours

- The child has eaten in an unbalanced way, that is, a lot of fat (French fries, chocolate, cream, fried ...).

- The child has had a high fever and has been subjected to very prolonged physical exertion.

- The child who has a propensity to vomit.

Under no circumstances should the child be given water with bicarbonate of soda. Necessary lower his fever and treat vomiting. As soon as these improve, the acetone will disappear.

There is no reason to be alarmed if your child has acetone in his urine when he wakes up. To alleviate the acetone in the body, it is best to offer the child juice with sugar, in small quantities or sips, to prevent vomiting.

It is also recommended to provide the child with homemade serum based on mineral water, lemon juice, sugar and a pinch of salt. It can decrease acetone levels and your urge to vomit. Chamomile sweetened with a teaspoon of sugar or honey is also recommended. If the child does not have diarrhea, a few sips of a cola-based drink can be offered.

If the acetone cannot be eliminated in 24 hours, it is best to take the child to the pediatrician so that a metabolic disorder such as hyperthyroidism or diabetes can be ruled out.

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