Leukemia is the most common cancer in children. It's about a Cancer that mainly affects the blood, since it directly damages all its components: red and white blood cells and platelets.
The symptom They originate in the child's bone marrow, when leukemia cells crowd out blood-producing cells. This can lead to many types of distinct symptoms.
The early diagnostic, as in most all cancers, it is important to be able to fight the disease.
We tell you more about what is leukemia and what symptoms can it present?
The truth is that they exist many types of leukemias, therefore, the symptoms will be different depending on the type of leukemia in question.
There are numerous symptoms that can lead us to think that the child has leukemia, but that they experience these symptoms It is not significant that the child actually has the disease, but may blamed on other ailments. Therefore, if these symptoms appear, before worrying too much, we must go to the doctor so that, through tests, it can really be diagnosed what is happening to the child.
Leukemia not only manifests itself through the blood, but it can also invade other tissues, and therefore the symptoms will vary depending on where they are located.
- If the child has the low red blood cells, or what is called anemia, the child will experience fatigue, you will be weak, have a cold feeling, dizziness, headaches, shortness of breath, and pale skin color.
- However, if they are the white blood cells those that are low, the child will have a greater propensity to have infections. Sometimes a simple blood test does not give the expected results, since, although the number of white blood cells is normal, it may be that they are useless blood cells to deal with infections because they are weakened by leukemia cells. It is very common for children to presentfevers continuous, even if they have no infection.
- If the child has the low plateletsYou will bruise very easily, and you will have frequent bleeding from the nose and gums.
- Other common symptoms are bone and joint pain, due to a concentration of cancer cells near the surface of the bone or within the joint.
- Some children have the swollen abdomen when leukemic cells accumulate in the liver or spleen. They are usually children who they are not hungry and lose weight quickly due to that inflammation of the organs near the stomach.
- If cancer cells are distributed throughout the lymph nodes, especially in the neck, armpits or groin, these are enlarged and are palpable by the doctor, although it is best to do an imaging study. If the infected lymph node is in the chest, some children have trouble breathingas the ganglion presses on the trachea.
- Another more worrying symptom is if the child presents swelling in the face or arms, in what is known as SVC Syndrome, which supposes that the blood does not reach the upper part of the body correctly; which can cause headaches, dizziness, and even loss of consciousness. This symptom requires immediate treatment as it can be fatal.
- Children in whom cancer cells have been spread to the brain and the spinal cord, they often present vomiting, headaches and seizures.
- In the specific case of AML, the leukemia spreads to the gums, causing pain and bleeding. It can also manifest itself on the skin in the form of small dark-colored dots, which can look like a rash.
In any case, that the child presents these symptoms does not mean that he has leukemia, but as we have already said before, it may be due to another ailment, and only the doctor, through various tests,can effectively diagnose if it really is leukemia.
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