Literacy exercises for children with dyslexia

Literacy exercises for children with dyslexia

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Today, a large number of children have problems learning to read and write. But what can be the causes of these problems and how can they be solved?

Dyslexia is a specific disorder that occurs in the learning of reading and writing, of a persistent and specific nature. This disorder appears in children without any physical, psychological and sociocultural alteration, and whose origin seems to be related to an alteration of neurodevelopment. This alteration occurs frequently in school-age children, and affects boys more than girls and that can be, on many occasions, the cause of school failure.

The discussion about the cause of this disorder remains open to this day. However, there are different diagnostic hypotheses on the subject. Most existing studies agree that dyslexia is genetically transmitted.

On the other hand, there are also neurological studies that state that the cellular structure of the brain of people with dyslexia is different. Also, other people understand this disorder as a short-term memory impairment or as a language problem.

Finally, in relation to this aspect, it is important to bear in mind that this disorder is independent of other intellectual, cultural, and emotional causes. Children who present it have normal intelligence, or it may even be above average.

If your child has reading and writing problems, it is important to see a specialist to make an early diagnosis and try to correct the problem as soon as possible.

It is important to rule out that the child has vision, hearing or motor problems. To do this, you can consult your pediatrician and speech therapist to perform the relevant tests, in order to verify or rule out the diagnosis of dyslexia.

There are many activities that can be done with a child with dyslexia. I will describe some of them below.

  • Play I see-I see or to the string of words. The child must say a word that begins with the last syllable of the previous word
  • Exercises in ordering syllables to form whole words
  • Tell how many syllables does a word have concrete
  • I play as I see-I see but using sounds. For example: I see something that begins with the sound / m /
  • Exercises in ordering graphemes to form words: Order the following letters to form a word, 'e m a s' / 'mesa'
  • Perform a dictation with letter sounds
  • Read a story aloud and propose a series of questions at the end. In addition, the child can be asked to summarize what he has read.
  • Reading absurdities. We must provide the child with a series of sentences to read aloud and tell us if they are true or a lie.

To complement these activities, there are also 3 different children's games that can be used. Some of them are the following:

  1. The twistter
    It is a game that allows you to develop laterality, balance and understanding orders of different complexity.
  2. The Lynx
    This game can be used to work on attention, visual fixation and reflexes.
  3. The memory
    It is especially suitable for children with short-term memory disorders.

All activities carried out must be planned in a fun and attractive way, to avoid fatigue and lack of interest on the part of children.

In this video, you will have all the information you need to know about childhood dyslexia. What is dyslexia in children, how is it manifested, how is it diagnosed and how is it treated?

It is important for parents of children with dyslexia to realize that their child must put a lot of effort into reading and writing tasks, which leads to fatigue, loss of concentration and frequent distractions.

In addition, it is common for these children to show rejection of activities that require the use of reading and writing. Therefore, parents and teachers should avoid pressuring these children during these tasks, and try to be understanding and give them all the help that is necessary.

For all this described above, it is important to point out the importance of a early diagnostic and a positive attitude on the part of the subject's environment to be able to correct this diagnosis as soon as possible. Also, if you have any questions, do not hesitate to consult your nearest speech therapist. He will know what to do!

You can read more articles similar to Literacy exercises for children with dyslexia, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.

Video: Teaching English Language Learners with Dyslexia (May 2022).