Convention on the Rights for Children

Convention on the Rights for Children

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Do you know what the Rights for Children are? Do you know how many there are and what rights they collect? On our site we show you the 42 Universal Rights of the Child.

They are the Rights of the Child included in the Convention on the Rights of Children and approved by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20, 1989.

Art. 1 Definition of the child
The Convention applies to all persons under 18 years of age.

Art. 2 Non-discrimination
All children have all the rights contained in the Convention: it does not matter where you are from, nor your sex or skin color, nor what language you speak, nor the economic situation of your family, nor your beliefs or those of your parents, or that you suffer from any disability.

Art. 3 The best interests of the child
When the authorities, or adults, make decisions that have to do with you, they should do what is best for your development and well-being.

Art. 4 Application of rights
Governments (and regional and local authorities) must enforce all rights contained in the Convention. They must help your family to guarantee your rights and must also collaborate with other countries to ensure that they are fulfilled throughout the world.

Art. 5 Direction and guidance of parents
The authorities must respect your parents and everyone who is responsible for your education. Your family has the responsibility to help you exercise your rights.

Art.6 Survival and development
All boys and girls have the right to life. Governments must do everything possible to ensure your survival and development.

Art.7 Name and nationality
When you are born you have the right to be entered in a registry and to receive a name and a nationality, to know your parents and to be cared for by them.

Art.8 Identity
The authorities have an obligation to protect your identity, name, nationality and family relationships.

Art.9 Separation from parents
No boy or girl should be separated from their parents, unless it is for their own good. In the event that your father and mother are separated, you have the right to maintain contact with both easily.

Art.10 Family reunion
If, for any reason, you live in one country and your parents in another, you have the right to enter the country where your parents are and meet with them, or have your parents meet with you.

Art.11 Illegal transfers and withholdings
The authorities must prevent you from being illegally transferred to another country or from being illegally detained.

Art.12 The opinion of boys, girls, and young people
You have the right to have an opinion and to have that opinion, according to your age and maturity, be taken into account when adults are going to make a decision that affects you.

Art.13 Freedom of expression
You have the right to freely express your opinions, to receive and disseminate information and ideas of all kinds, as long as they do not go against the rights of other people.

Art.14 Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
The authorities must respect your right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. Your parents will be able to advise you on what is best.

Art.15 Freedom of association
You can freely associate, create associations and meet peacefully with other boys and girls, as long as these activities do not go against the rights of other people.

Art.16 Protection of privacy and private life
You have the right to a private life of your own, to have the private life of your family and the privacy of your home respected, not to have correspondence opened and no one to attack your good image.

Art.17 Access to adequate information
You have the right to receive information through books, newspapers, radio, television, internet ... especially information that is important for your well-being and development. Adults will take care that this information is adequate.

Art.18 The responsibilities of parents
Your father and mother are responsible for your education and development, and must act with your interest in mind. The authorities will help parents in these tasks by supporting them when necessary.

Art.19 Protection against abuse and mistreatment
The authorities must protect you from mistreatment, abuse and violence, also from those that come from your parents or legal guardians.

Art.20 Protection of children deprived of their family
You have the right to special protection and help if you do not have parents or they are not with you. This help will take into account your cultural or ethnic origin.

Art.21 Adoption
In the event of adoption, the well-being of the child must always be taken into account, above all.

Art.22 Refugee children
Refugee children and young people (who have been forced to leave their country due to war or other circumstances) will be subject to special protection. The authorities must collaborate with the organizations that help and protect them.

Art.23 Children with disabilities
If you suffer from a physical or mental disability, you have the right to special care and attention that guarantees your education and training in order to help you enjoy a full life.

Art.24 Health and health services
You have the right to the highest possible level of health (which includes clean water, good hygiene and food) and to receive medical attention when you are sick. Governments must cooperate with those of other countries to make this right a reality throughout the world.

Art.25 Review of detention conditions
If you are interned or interned in an establishment to protect yourself or to cure a physical or mental illness, your situation should be reviewed periodically to verify that the internment is appropriate and does not last longer than necessary.

Art.26 Social security
You and your family are entitled to benefits from government aid and social security when your resources are scarce.

Art.27 The standard of living
You have the right to a standard of living adequate for your physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development. Your parents are responsible for ensuring that you have what you need to live in a dignified way (especially housing, nutrition and clothing). If they cannot provide it, the authorities should help them.

Art.28 Education
You have the right to education. Primary education must be compulsory and free, and you must have facilities to be able to have a secondary education or go to university. The governments of the countries must collaborate to make this a reality throughout the world. Punishments at school should not be humiliating or unworthy.

Art.29 The objectives of education
Education should be aimed at developing your personality, skills, and mental and physical abilities to the best of your ability. You must prepare yourself to be a person who is respectful of other people, responsible, peaceful and respectful of the environment in a free society.

Art.30 Children from minority and indigenous communities
If you belong to an ethnic or religious minority, your right to live according to your culture, practice your religion and speak your own language must be respected.

Art.31 Leisure and recreational and cultural activities
You have the right to play, rest and recreational and cultural activities.

Art.32 Child labor
You have the right to be protected against work that is dangerous to your health or prevents you from going to school. You cannot work until you reach a minimum age and if you do, appropriate conditions must be met in working hours and conditions.

Art.33. The use of illegal drugs
You have the right to be protected from illegal drugs and drug trafficking.

Art.34 Sexual exploitation
The authorities must protect you from sexual exploitation and abuse, including prostitution and participation in pornographic shows or materials.

Art.35 Sale and kidnapping of children
Governments must take all necessary measures to prevent the sale, trafficking and kidnapping of children.

Art.36 Other forms of exploitation
You have the right to be protected against other forms of exploitation that are detrimental to your well-being.

Art.37 Torture and deprivation of liberty
You will not be subjected to torture or other cruel treatment or punishment. If you have committed a crime, you will not be sentenced to death or life imprisonment. If you are tried and considered guilty, you should only be admitted to an establishment as a last resort and only the minimum time to serve your punishment. You should never be in the same prisons as adults and you will have the right to maintain contact with your family.

Art.38 Boys and girls in armed conflicts
In times of war, you cannot be recruited as a soldier or participate in combat. Boys and girls have the right to special protection in case of conflict.

Art.39 Recovery and social reintegration
If you have suffered abuse, exploitation, abandonment or have been in a war, you have the right to be taken care of to recover physically, socially and psychologically.

Art. 40 The application of justice to minors
You have the right to defend yourself with all guarantees when they accuse you of having committed a crime. Judges and lawyers must be especially careful when they judge people under 18 years of age, and the laws must establish a minimum age before which they cannot be tried as if they were adults.

Art.41 The most favorable law
If there are laws other than the Convention that can be applied in a case that affects you, the one that is most favorable for you will always apply.

Art.42 Dissemination of the Convention
You have the right to know the rights contained in this Convention. Governments have a duty to spread it among children, young people and adults. NOTE: Articles 43 to 54 explain how governments and international organizations such as UNICEF must collaborate so that the above rights are fulfilled. They do not reflect more rights, therefore they do not appear in this condensed version.

You can read more articles similar to Convention on the Rights for Children, in the category of Children's Rights on site.

Video: Convention on the Rights of the Child explained (June 2022).


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