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Most children like to paint, draw, scribble, color ... Children's drawing is not just another game or activity, drawing represents the child's world. It does not define or explain everything that happens to the child, but we can observe their fantasies, their tastes, and also their fears and concerns, and as the drawing evolves with the child, it also informs us of the moment of development in which they are. Can we detect a problem in the child through his drawings? Let's see how to interpret them.
Drawing for children is an opportunity to connect with their inner world and with those things that they experience for the first time, surprise and sometimes scare them.
Through children's drawings we can see those details that as adults we can ignore and that for the child have become protagonists of their world and they do not know how to explain or order it. It is a kind of theatrical stage where the child can say, order and express what he thinks, feels, likes or fears.
In psychology, drawing is one more tool for the knowledge of the child that, well used, gives us a lot of information about how the child feels, what worries him, his personality, etc. Drawing brings us closer to his affective world in stages or moments in which you still do not know or cannot communicate what you feel and what concerns you.
The first thing to clarify is that the interpretation of the child's drawing is not an easy task, so it will have to be carried out by specialists in drawing interpretation, projective techniques, and child psychology. What I, as a parent, can interpret as normal in my child's drawing, may not be so and what may be striking to me may be normal in his development stage or may be related not so much to problems or disorders but to something that he has seen recently or your fantasy.
If for example my son draws guns or shooting scenes in his drawing ... does it mean that he is violent aggressive or that he has a problem? Not necessarily. You may have recently seen a movie, series, or video game with scenes like this. In drawing, we do not pay so much attention to what he draws, but to how he draws it, the place that the drawings occupy on the paper, the colors used, the presence or absence of elements in their drawings, the pressure of the pencil when drawing, etc ...
The drawing is another source of information and not the only one, but the truth is that the information that the drawing gives me is very useful. We can know the place that the child feels he occupies in the family, with whom you feel more united or with whom you feel more distant in the family, for example. Or if you are an insecure or fearful child, if you need to communicate with your environment and feel that you cannot ... It gives us valuable data about the inner world of the child.
- Gives you the ability to master the movement, the child develops fundamental aspects in its evolution, such as laying the essential foundations for reading and writing, self-confidence, the experience of inner motivation and creativity.
- Allows interpersonal communication, both conscious and unconscious, (this is the interesting thing, that counts things involuntarily)
- Express your inner world.
- Elaboration of conflicts. It is a way to discharge conflicts and tensions for the child.
- Children start drawing through scribbling, and little by little the drawing evolves towards more orderly and recognizable shapes (geometric shapes, human figure, elements of the world that surrounds it ...). As the child goes around controlling the movements of his body, and develops fine motor skills, his drawings become more organized than in the early stages.
- Up to 4 years old, doodle predominates, and from this age on the first human figures begin to appear (which evolve between 4 and 7 years as they become aware of the body scheme), or the drawing of the house or the tree.
- Between 7 and 9 years old, one more concept appears in children, the spatial relationships between objects in the drawing.
- Between 9 and 13 years old, children want their drawing to be as realistic as possible.
The different stages of drawing are closely linked to the development of the child both at a cognitive, emotional, psychomotor, or social level, so children's drawings not only provide us with information on an emotional or personal level, but also provide me with data about the maturational or developmental level of the child.
Regarding the drawing, we would like to highlight the importance of the child painting, scribbling, drawing, expressing himself freely. It is important that adults do not judge the child's drawing, if it seems to us to be right or wrong, or if it has colored outside the margins or if what the child has drawn that it says is a dog looks like a sausage with legs. .. We must let the child express himself in the way he wants or knows, but if the child finds that the adult judges his "work" it is very likely that he will stop doing it.
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