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During pregnancy we are in one of the moments in which women suffer the most with gas and flatulence, especially in the last trimester. In general, it could be said that gases can be produced for three reasons, swallowing air when eating or drinking, the decomposition of certain foods or due to the presence of intestinal bacteria that ferment some of the components of the food. Is there a way to reduce that feeling? We tell you how to avoid gas and flatulence in pregnancy.
In the stomach, the digestion of certain nutrients produces gases that can either be eliminated orally or continue their journey to the intestine. Intestinal gas often increases the feeling of bloating and even sometimes, although less frequently, can cause colic or cramps in the belly. Its elimination takes place by anal route, wind. To avoid gas and flatulence in pregnancy you should consider:
- Gases that originate in the stomach, stomach gases, can be produced by the way we eat food and drink, very quickly and swallowing air. During pregnancy, and since the organs are compressed into a smaller and smaller space as the baby grows, it is possible that gas and flatulence are generated even more. In addition, the valves that control the entry and prevent the exit of the bolus from the stomach are often more relaxed than usual, so the problem can be exacerbated.
- They are also aggravated in situations of stress or anxiety, since these states favor the swallowing of air.
- Caffeinated and carbonated drinks also promote the accumulation of gases in the stomach, so it is advisable to avoid them. Their expulsion is usually done through the mouth in the form of burps, and, in general, they could be avoided by eating slowly and chewing food well. To help eliminate them, relaxation techniques can be practiced to eliminate tension and stress.
- To avoid them, it is advisable control the consumption of legumes, vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, onion, artichoke, or asparagus, raw vegetables such as lettuce, and fruits such as apples or pears. Also those foods that contain sorbitol as a sweetener.
- Under normal conditions, they are foods rich in fiber, cellulose, or some complex carbohydrates, which can cause the accumulation of gases in the intestine. The saprophytic bacteria present in the intestine, whose population is higher in the colon area, are in charge of using the nutrients that have not been previously digested, that is, what would be the waste of digestion, and in this process they are they generate many gases, especially methane. During pregnancy, and as digestion takes longer, saprophytic bacteria have even more time to work and the amount of gases produced increases.
- Some foods are rich in sulfur and they produce sulfur gases with unpleasant odors.
- In addition, the constipation, a problem also associated with the end of pregnancy, is related to an accumulation of gases in the colon area, produced by retained feces.
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